Climate: Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north.
Terrain: Upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north.
Environment Issues: Deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; huge and growing population is overstraining natural resources; preservation and quality of forests; biodiversity loss.
Languages: Hindi 43.6%, Bengali 8%, Marathi 6.9%, Telugu 6.7%, Tamil 5.7%, Gujarati 4.6%, Urdu 4.2%, Kannada 3.6%, Odia 3.1%, Malayalam 2.9%, Punjabi 2.7%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.1%, other 5.6% (2011 est.)
Government Type: Federal Parliamentary Republic
How to Pray
India is growing more restrictive as “anti-conversion” laws are being adopted in multiple states. Hindu extremists envision a nation where only Hinduism is practiced and Christians and Muslims are removed from their homeland. Christians among the Dalit caste are particularly vulnerable to persecution. (Source: Open Doors)
As Hindu nationalism gains steam in India, pray for protection for our brothers and sisters there. Pray that the Lord will grow their knowledge of his Word and strengthen them to be bold with the good news of Jesus and bear up under opposition with grace, hope, and joy.
Pray that anti conversion laws and anti proselytization laws would be cast down and that similar laws would not be passed in more states.
Pray for the Indian church from Ephesians 3:16-19: “that according to the riches of his glory he may grant them to be strengthened with power through his Spirit in their inner being, so that Christ may dwell in their hearts through faith—that they, being rooted and grounded in love, may have strength to comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth, and to know the love of Christ that surpasses knowledge, that they may be filled with all the fullness of God.” (ESV)
Pray for believers in India to look with compassion at the world around them and work for the good of those around them to the glory of God.
Pray for Christian converts to find community with other believers so that they can be encouraged in their new-found faith.
Pray for pastors and leaders in India to shepherd the flock among them willingly, not lording it over them, but serving for their good and selflessly raising up more leaders to lead and serve the church. Pray that the Lord would protect them from temptation and sin and that their lives would adorn the gospel.